• Business Conduct & Ethics

    The Board of Directors (“Board”) of MNP Petroleum Corporation (“Company”) has adopted the following Code of Business Conduct and Ethics ("Code") for the directors and officers of the Company. The purpose of the Code is to:

    • Focus the Board and each individual director and officer on areas of ethical risk
    • Provide guidance to directors and officers to help them recognize and deal with ethical issues
    • Provide mechanisms to report unethical conduct to the Board
    • Help foster a culture of honesty and accountability in the Company

    Each director and officer of the Company must comply with the letter and spirit of this Code.

    No code or policy can anticipate every situation that may arise or replace the thoughtful behavior of an ethical director and officer. Directors and officers are encouraged to bring questions about particular circumstances that may implicate one or more of the provisions of this Code to the attention of the Chairman of the Audit Committee of the Board.



    Directors and officers must avoid any conflicts of interest between a director or an officer and the Company unless the relationship is approved in advance by the Board. Any situation that involves, or may reasonably be expected to involve, a conflict of interest with the Company, should be disclosed promptly to the Company's Board. A "conflict of interest" can occur when:

    • A director's or an officer's personal interest is adverse to - or may appear to be adverse to - the interests of the Company as a whole under the applicable laws, rules and regulations
    • A Director or an officer, or a member of his or her immediate family, receives improper personal benefits as a result of his or her position as a director or officer of the Company

    Some of the more common conflicts which directors should avoid are listed below:

    • Relationship of Company with third-parties - Directors may not receive a personal benefit from a person or a firm which is seeking to do business or to retain business with the Company unless approved by the Board. A director or an officer shall withdraw himself/ herself from any decision of the Board involving another firm or company with which such director or officer is affiliated.
    • Compensation from non-Company sources - Directors and officers may not accept compensation (in any form) for services performed for the Company from any source other than the Company unless approved by the Board.
    • Gifts - Directors and officers may not offer, give or receive gifts from persons or entities who deal with the Company in those cases where any such gift is being made in order to influence the directors' or officer's actions as a member of the Board or the Company, or where acceptance of the gifts could create the appearance of a conflict of interest under the applicable laws.
    • Personal use of Company assets- Directors and officers may not use Company's assets, labor or information for personal use unless approved by the Board in advance, or as part of a compensation or expense reimbursement program available to all directors.



    Directors and officers are prohibited from:

    • Taking for themselves or their companies, opportunities that are discovered through the use of Company's property or information or their position as a director or an officer
    • Using the Company's property or information for personal gain
    • Competing with the Company for business opportunities. However, if the Company's disinterested directors determine that the Company will not pursue an opportunity that relates to the Company's business, a director or an officer may then do so.



    Directors and officers must maintain the confidentiality of information entrusted to them by the Company and any other confidential information about the Company that comes to them, from whatever source, in their capacity as a director or an officer, except when disclosure is authorized or legally mandated.

    For purposes of this Code, "Confidential Information" includes all non-public information relating to the Company.



    Directors and officers must comply and oversee compliance by employees, other directors and officers, with laws, rules and regulations applicable to the Company, including insider trading laws and ethics related laws.

    Directors and officers must deal fairly, and must oversee fair dealing by employees and officers, with the Company's customers, suppliers, competitors and employees.



    Directors and officers should promote ethical behavior and take steps to ensure the Company:

    • Encourages employees to talk to supervisors, managers and other appropriate personnel when in doubt about the best course of action in a particular situation.
    • Encourages employees to report violations of laws, rules, regulations or the Company's Code of Conduct applicable to employees, to appropriate personnel
    • Inform employees that the Company will not allow retaliation for reports made in good faith



    Directors and officers should communicate any suspected violations of this Code promptly to the Board. Violations will be investigated by the Board or by persons designated by the Board, and appropriate action will be taken in the event of any violations of the Code.



    Any waiver of this Code may be made only by the Board and must be promptly disclosed to the Company's shareholders.